Microelectronics needs innovative technological transformation to reinvent the semiconductor industry.
FREMONT, CA: Microelectronics has long been part of our daily usable electronic and semiconductor devices. From small-scale businesses to large industries, all in some form use microelectronics to manufacture devices and conduct industrial processes. Over the years, due to various technological innovations, microelectronics has evolved in a significant way. There is an effective rise in performance, availability, and a decrease in cost. Still, in recent times microelectronic devices face several technical challenges to thrive in the market.
Innovations have empowered semiconductors to minimize the size of devices like transistors from micrometers to nanometers. Today, it is the world of supercomputers, where smartphones are also designed to handle our daily lives. With the transformation of transistor's size like an atom, the standard computing is also changing into complex forms of quantum mechanics. The difficulty faced by various industries is beyond the transistor size. The most common issue is with the computer processors, which are based on the conventional principle, where the processor unit is connected to the memory unit. For data computation, rigorous transfer of data to and fro memory unit to processing unit happens, which consumes huge energy creating extreme heat. This process needs cooling infrastructure that becomes expensive for data centers.
Scientists are now trying to design and develop new architectures based on atomic and subatomic properties by leveraging the physics of quantum mechanics. Artificial intelligence and quantum information science will help create new computational models to solve traditional complex problems.
Microelectronics also plays a vital component in transforming electrical grids and optimizing the flow of electricity between grid and consumer, along with protecting against cyberthreats. Microelectronics is highly useful for research and data science by its superfast data transfer and computation features. Advanced electronics are an essential part of our daily lives as they empower the devices with high-end infrastructure, speed, accuracy, and security by combining cutting-edge technologies.
Microelectronics will have an immense effect on the forthcoming generations. Therefore it is more important to gain knowledge and research on this to solve the complex and conventional issues to get an optimized approach for building future microelectronic devices.