Silicon-Carbide Emerging as the Next-Gen Potential Component of Electric Vehicles

Relying on a semiconductor-based investment enables the feasible manufacturing of electric cars as silicon carbide chips hold formidable edges in the domain. 

Manufacturing electric vehicles (EVs) with typically longer ranges and an increased pace is a challenge for automakers owing to the method they adapt to in the chip industry. Semiconductor companies hold a major influence on EV manufacture and thus promote the replacement of traditional silicon chips with materials that intend to accelerate the car’s efficiency. It reduces customers’ range anxiety and speeds up the recharging process, similar to that of a gas station fill-up.

However, approaches have yet to be proven efficient, with silicon carbide leading the way as a front-runner and gallium nitride emerging as a key intender in recent times. Similar to its name, the former is a combination of two chemical elements—silicon and carbon, with an efficient power conversion where chips lose nominal energy when converted. Meanwhile, the latter, gallium nitride, is made of elements such as gallium, nitride, and silicon carbide and thus is emerging as a distinct solution advancing the traditional silicon. Its capacities are limitless because it is likely capable of reducing its charge time by half.
Relying on a potential technology holds invariable risks owing to the feasible transformations that the auto industry has merely undergone for more than a century. As a result, manufacturers are abandoning internal combustion engines and other icons of the gasoline era, and chips now play a critical role in vehicle operation, covering all requirements, whether powertrain or airbags. It is apparent in recent times that carmakers are limiting their production on account of the low availability of silicon to utilise. However, it is crucial to get automakers on board with newer technologies for the upgradation of electric vehicles. This emerging technology is merely an in-depth analysis for carmakers who ought to understand that it is not just a good battery, inverter, and electric motor that conjugates an electric car.
Semiconductor leaders are readily embracing EVs to accelerate their transition as they hold a major ground in the adoption of silicon-carbide chips on account of the formidable advantages they could offer. The perks of deploying these chips are limitless as they can be plunged into a battery at a faster pace with reduced charging times, larger ranges, and less leakage with the car tapping the energy required to drive motors. As a result of their potential reach, silicon chips are expected to account for more than 30% of the market value of EV power chips by 2025. Moreover, they instigate critical advantages where a range improvement of five to 10 per cent is achieved on a constant criterion.

Though deploying silicon carbide in electric cars triggers an additional cost of up to 200 USD per vehicle, leveraging this technology favours them in redeeming the amount they invested as they utilise a minimal number of batteries.