PIC Emerging As A Favourable Alternative for a Sustainable Future

Photonic Integrated Circuits (PICs) are emerging as potential alternatives for electronic circuits owing to their increasing sustainability and efficiency. 

FREMONT, CA:The creation of data averages up to 2.5 billion per day and is expected to increase as the IoT (Internet of Things) has grown in popularity in recent years. That is, 44 zettabytes of data are accumulated globally on an average, wherein nearly 175 zettabytes of data is anticipated to be produced in the upcoming years, annually. Meanwhile, these increasing data amounts require a relatively credible form of data transmission, where new and improved transmission patterns play a significant role. One testimonial approach in this technique is the photonic integrated circuit (PIC), owing to its formidable benefits like the accelerated speed of light. And hence, the practice is emerging as a viable operation for effective data transmission.

Composed of photonic components that often operate under light, a PIC can be demonstrated as a chip, with capable electronic materials. These elements enable the formation of functional circuits like those embedded inside smartphones, computers, and several other electronic devices (Photons). While the electron flux in an electronic chip travels through resistors, inductors, transistors, and capacitors, the photon in the photonic chips penetrates optical components like polarizers, phase shifters, and waveguides, which are generally analogous to resistors or electrical wires.

Photonic integrated circuits use laser sources to inject light for effective component driving, similar to how switches handle infusing energy for effective electronic component operation. Generally, integrated photonic technology overcomes the limitations of electronics like integration and heat generation via intense light utilisation, rather than electricity.

Improved technological advancements shape devices to a larger horizon, enabling faster and larger transmission rates. The benefits of deploying PIC often encompass downsizing, accelerated speed, reduced heat effects, and a vast capacity for integration. Similarly, compatibility with current processing flows to enable acute high-yielding, mass production, and lower costs emerge as additional benefits of utilising photonic integrated circuits.