Healthcare Sector To Transform Multi-Dimensionally With Integrated Photonics Technology

Leveraging integrated photonics in the healthcare sector favours formidable opportunities in diagnosis and treatments. 

FREMONT, CA: The applications of integrated photonics open up seamless innovation opportunities in varied domains. Moreover, the photonic functionalities are incorporated in various circuits for enhanced communication and sensing, and thus, computer applications will likely evolve as a rapidly developing subject of photonics. Integrating discrete single-function components like specialised lasers, photodetectors, and pertinent optical interfaces in addition to complex integrated circuits facilitates the creation, processing, and detection of light, much like electronic integrated circuits.

Harnessing solid-state integration on a Photonic Integrated Circuit (PIC), as opposed to the assembly and packing of numerous discrete components and bulk options, often reduces the size, weight, manufacturing costs, and power consumption with improved reliability. Alongside this, integrated photonics assists with varied applications like fibre-based optical communications with an elevated speed, next-generation low-cost environmental mapping systems, and lab-on-a-chip biosensors for an accelerated and precise biological sample analysis technique. These PIC-applied advancements are highly stimulating innovation advancements in critical fields.

The surging expenses, expanding populations, and swift demographic changes hold a crucial influence on the healthcare model criteria, due to which the traditional model of prioritising patients’ diagnoses and treatments based on the intensity of their illnesses is likely to evolve. Hence, a shifting focus on the prevention of these dense diseases has emerged as a necessary factor. Similarly, the rehabilitation emphasis has also transitioned, favouring an accelerated recovery of the infected via comprehensive healthcare strategies and supplementing medicine.

When patients are diagnosed with an illness that necessitates increased effort and works for the convalescents, they are typically treated at specialised facilities. Decentralization, also known as "moving diagnosis and treatments to favour patients," enables a more holistic approach to the sector by enabling remote diagnosis of ailments and thus aiding treatments from the patients' homes. This technique has been proven to reduce national health expenditures while also improving patient prognosis by consuming less hospital time and resources. As a result, through potential replacements of hospital-specific medical devices, deploying integrated photonics emerges as a more sustainable solution in the discipline.

Light-based sensors hold a unique space in the healthcare sector, where deploying photonics opens up formidable changes beyond the horizon. For instance, an interaction between light and organic bodily tissues and fluids has the capability of altering varied critical characteristics. Moreover, leveraging integrated photonics into healthcare solutions offers a decreased price and size of medical equipment in hospitals, laying the foundation for innovative methods of diagnosis and treatment. Additionally, business frontiers in the domain are exploiting integrated photonic technology in the healthcare sector through enhanced biosensing and Optical Coherent Tomography (OCT) techniques.