Exploring the Varieties and Applications of Power Electronics

A power electronic circuit or system converts electrical energy into a more useful form.

FREMONT, CA: Power electronic circuits and systems convert one kind of electrical energy into a more useful form. Their applications range from transportation to medical. In the electric sector, power electronic devices are a crucial component. Without them, houses wouldn't have the modern conveniences that make life more pleasant and efficient. Many power electronic devices are available, from transformers and inverters to battery chargers and motor controller drivers (MOSFETs). This article will examine many prevalent forms. Some of them are:


Inverters for solar panels convert DC from solar panels to AC for residential usage. This enables solar energy users to operate appliances such as washing machines, water heaters, dishwashers, microwave ovens, etc. Despite their apparent simplicity, these devices convert direct (DC) to alternating (AC) at a specific voltage, frequency, or both. Typically, the AC power output by a solar converter is identical to the DC power input from the solar panels. A solar panel manufacturer should contact an industrial manufacturer for a quick price based on their needs and help calculate how many panels they will need.


A transformer is a power electronics component that safely distributes electrical energy between primary and secondary circuits. It consists of several coils wrapped around a single magnetic core. Their components give them their names. Two types of transformers exist—step-up and step-down (or isolation). Primarily, they convert voltages in telecommunications, lighting circuits, transmission equipment, power supply, and production engineering. For instance, a step-down transformer reduces the voltage from the distribution level to the service level. Contact industrial manufacturers who can provide a quick quote based on specifications to find the proper transformer for application.


A battery charger is an electronic device that charges batteries using electrical energy from the mains (e.g., alternating current), various chemical reactions (e.g., fuel cells), or other sources. The available chargers range from low voltage to high voltage systems, with the latter being heavily regulated due to safety concerns while charging batteries for automobiles, forklifts, submarines, etc. Constant voltage/constant current (CV/CC), constant voltage/variable current (CV/VC), and constant current/constant voltage (CC/CV) are the three types of battery charger designs.