Smart Grid And Its Power Challenging Technologies

Automation can improve these critical distribution functions' speed, cost, and accuracy, resulting in increased customer reliability and cost savings.

Fremont, CA: Modernization of the power grid is proceeding at a steady rate. Modern control and automation systems can save energy, protect the environment, and improve individuals' health and safety while boosting the quality of life. Energy distribution automation automates electric power generation and switching, real-time load changes, over-and under-voltages, outage monitoring and management, and power factor correction by combining digital sensors and switches with advanced control and communication technologies.

Automation can improve these critical distribution functions' speed, cost, and accuracy, resulting in increased customer reliability and cost savings. However, it necessitates field device control to automate field decision-making and communicate important information to the utility control center.

Designing for energy automation raises concerns about energy economy, solution size, system safety, and the electronics' reliability. It whitepaper examines the megatrends driving the expansion of energy distribution automation and the associated system issues, from networking protocols to hardware. It then investigates novel solutions for the power management of field devices utilized in energy applications through many case studies.

Megatrends in energy distribution automation

An increasing number of the energy operators are using the cloud to manage energy distribution remotely. Performance monitoring, data analytics, visualization, problem detection, diagnostics, and portfolio energy management are all available through their software platforms. These automation systems can track various variables in real-time and evaluate past data to alter devices for energy management while adhering to government rules and tariff standards.

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By connecting the equipment data to the cloud, real-time analytics may get done to decide the best course of action. Advanced distribution automation (ADA) provides intelligent control of electrical power grid tasks at the distribution level and beyond. Electric utilities using supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems have extensive control over transmission-level equipment and, through distribution automation, are gaining control over distribution-level equipment. Higher availability, serviceability, predictive maintenance, and problem detection, isolation, and mitigation are all benefits of energy distribution automation.

Energy automation system

The architecture of an energy automation system contains levels for management, control, and the field. The management layer manages and controls energy distribution from a single control point, recording and optimizing data as needed. Problems are identified in real-time, allowing fast action to be performed—the control layer responsible for the hardware-level equipment control. Intelligent sensors and actuators acquire data and conduct activities at the field layer. Outage time, hot-running equipment, circuit-breaker trips, and flickering and flashing lights can all get reduced or eliminated using sensor and control systems embedded in the distribution system.